Steve Jobs famously told Fortune “Innovation has nothing to do with how many R&D dollars you have.” Jobs believed that throwing money at a problem should not be the answer. Creativity and genuine genius should win out. And whether you’re a pharmaceutical and software company with a large budget for research and development or a custom manufacturer with considerably less, a budget is still a budget. So here are a few tips to help you spearhead innovation without blowing your R&D budget.
Exploratory vs. Exploitative
When coming up with the next great idea, you have two options. Try to find an idea from somewhere else or work with what you have. Sometimes, working with what we have is hard. After all, why are we innovating if what we have is so great? Let’s go out and find some new ideas! That is the mentality of Exploratory R&D, a potentially costly and unsuccessful process akin to collecting knick knacks and letting them collect dust due to lack of use or proper grooming.
Exploitative R&D involves utilizing the resources and ideas you already have. You know that phrase you mutter at 3am while staring at a stack of papers. “There must be something here. We just have to look at it another way.” It’s something like that. Instead of going to the store for groceries, you’re going to make something new out of what is already in the fridge. And this works. Companies like Cisco will rotate between the two methods for a variety of reasons. Among them includes leaving no good idea behind, innovation goals that must be met, and budget. A healthy mix of the two are guaranteed to keep your budget in line as well and yield results that would not have come under the exploratory method alone.
Keep Up With Technology
I know it can be hard. But isn’t it more cost effective to utilize technology that already exists instead of trying to reinvent the wheel? I’m not saying copy somebody else’s work — that would be ill advised. I mean utilizing platforms that already exist, or incorporating components that are already available. I’m going to say this very literally to you, my legion of makers. Do not reinvent the wheel. Use the wheel when you’re building your next mode of transportation.
Not convinced? Technology trends can often be predicted by a number of ways, from viewing pending patents to observing early adopters. Often the most successful products are those that are familiar to the user in some shape or form. After all, every new and exciting 3D Printer that comes to market is still just a variation of a 3D Printer. And what are some augmented reality tools besides better ways to see 3D models or machine diagnostic data? Let technology show you the type of innovation you can be making.
Involve Your Other Employees
You know the situation. A goal has been set, and a new product is predicted to bring you accomplishment. A committee is formed of the same great thinkers that decided the last product launch. And the product before that. And the product before that.
There are a couple of ways you can alter this dynamic. Google’s infamous "20% Time”, though changed since it’s conception, is still a valid idea. Allow employees to spend 20% of their workweek on a project outside of their normal duties that could help innovate and/or benefit your company. This would allow fresh ideas to pop up from unexpected places, providing a new look on a problem the usual stagehands may not have thought up on their own. Or, if that is a little too liberal a policy or unfeasible due to the time employees need to spend on shop floors, then a simple “What do you think about this” would fit the bill. The idea here is that instead of spending money trying to find ideas elsewhere, tap into the people you are already paying. You may be surprised by what your staff can come up with if you give them the challenge
What Do Your Customers Think?
Customer feedback can be difficult to deal with. Nobody wants to hear bad news. But involving your customers and buyers early on may help you avoid sinking your R&D budget into a product that won’t be well received.
Focus groups, surveys, polls, and buying trends are all useful information when you’re expecting to launch a new product or service. Asking the source of your revenue for their opinions throughout the development process will be a much less costly endeavor than creating something that they will not purchase or utilize. What a customer values, desires, and looks for in their purchases should be top of mind when on the path of innovation, so make sure you know what your buyers are looking for.
Reducing costs is no easy task, and these suggestions require a different frame of thinking than one may be used to. I know you also can’t eradicate a budget, nor do I suggest that you do. Despite Steve Job’s philosophy, you need to spend money to make money. So I’ll leave you with this last cost saving tip. The Research and Development Tax Credit has now become a permanent tax credit available to manufacturers, and with a relaxation on some of the particulars, much more accessible to small and mid sized businesses. Check out this article from IndustryWeek to learn more about how it can affect you, and I strongly recommend that you do. Until then, don’t let a budget stop you from changing the world.